Spring多数据源的动态切换

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来源:互联网

目前很多项目中只能配置单个数据源,那么如果有多个数据源肿么办?Spring提供了一个抽象类AbstractRoutingDataSource,为我们很方便的解决了这个问题。
1.写一个DynamicDataSource类继承AbstractRoutingDataSource,并实现determineCurrentLookupKey方法 

public class DynamicDataSource extends AbstractRoutingDataSource{
 private final static Logger  logger  = LoggerFactory.getLogger("DynamicDataSource");   

    @Override
    protected Object determineCurrentLookupKey() {
        return DbContextHolder.getDbType();
    }
}

2.写一个线程安全的ThreadLocal

public class DbContextHolder {
 private static final ThreadLocal contextHolder = new ThreadLocal();   

    public static void setDbType(String dbType) {
        contextHolder.set(dbType);
    }   

    public static String getDbType() {
        return (String) contextHolder.get();
    }   

    public static void clearDbType() {
        contextHolder.remove();
    }
}

3.dataSource的配置
<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<beans xmlns=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans” xmlns:xsi=”http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance”
xmlns:p=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/p” xmlns:context=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/context”
xsi:schemaLocation=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd”
default-autowire=”byName”>

<bean id=”aTestDataSource”>
<property name=”driverClassName” value=”${a.jdbc.driverClassName}” />
<property name=”url” value=”${a.jdbc.url}” />
<property name=”username” value=”${a.jdbc.username}” />
<property name=”password” value=”${a.jdbc.password}” />
</bean>

<bean id=”bTestDataSource”>
<property name=”driverClassName” value=”${b.jdbc.driverClassName}” />
<property name=”url” value=”${gott.jdbc.url}” />
<property name=”username” value=”${b.jdbc.username}” />
<property name=”password” value=”${b.jdbc.password}” />
</bean>

<bean id=”dataSource”>
<property name=”targetDataSources”>
<map key-type=”java.lang.String”>
<entry key=”aTestDataSource” value-ref=”aTestDataSource” />
<entry key=”bTestDataSource” value-ref=”bTestDataSource” />
</map>
</property>
<property name=”aTestDataSource” ref=”aTestDataSource” />
</bean>
</beans>

4.当需要切换数据源时,只要调用一行代码就可以了

DbContextHolder.setDbType("aTestDataSource");

当然有兴趣的朋友也可以用aop去自动切换数据源



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