Spring源码分析-非懒加载的单例Bean初始化过程(上篇)

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上文【Spring源码分析】Bean加载流程概览,比较详细地分析了Spring上下文加载的代码入口,并且在AbstractApplicationContext的refresh方法中,点出了finishBeanFactoryInitialization方法完成了对于所有非懒加载的Bean的初始化。

finishBeanFactoryInitialization方法中调用了DefaultListableBeanFactory的preInstantiateSingletons方法,本文针对preInstantiateSingletons进行分析,解读一下Spring是如何初始化Bean实例对象出来的。

 

DefaultListableBeanFactory的preInstantiateSingletons方法

DefaultListableBeanFactory的preInstantiateSingletons方法,顾名思义,初始化所有的单例Bean,看一下方法的定义:

复制代码
 1 public void preInstantiateSingletons() throws BeansException {
 2     if (this.logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
 3         this.logger.info("Pre-instantiating singletons in " + this);
 4     }
 5     synchronized (this.beanDefinitionMap) {
 6         // Iterate over a copy to allow for init methods which in turn register new bean definitions.
 7         // While this may not be part of the regular factory bootstrap, it does otherwise work fine.
 8         List<String> beanNames = new ArrayList<String>(this.beanDefinitionNames);
 9         for (String beanName : beanNames) {
10             RootBeanDefinition bd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
11             if (!bd.isAbstract() && bd.isSingleton() && !bd.isLazyInit()) {
12                 if (isFactoryBean(beanName)) {
13                     final FactoryBean factory = (FactoryBean) getBean(FACTORY_BEAN_PREFIX + beanName);
14                     boolean isEagerInit;
15                     if (System.getSecurityManager() != null && factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean) {
16                         isEagerInit = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Boolean>() {
17                             public Boolean run() {
18                                 return ((SmartFactoryBean) factory).isEagerInit();
19                             }
20                         }, getAccessControlContext());
21                     }
22                     else {
23                         isEagerInit = (factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean &&
24                                 ((SmartFactoryBean) factory).isEagerInit());
25                     }
26                     if (isEagerInit) {
27                         getBean(beanName);
28                     }
29                 }
30                 else {
31                     getBean(beanName);
32                 }
33             }
34         }
35     }
36 }

这里先解释一下getMergedLocalBeanDefinition方法的含义,因为这个方法会常常看到。Bean定义公共的抽象类是AbstractBeanDefinition,普通的Bean在Spring加载Bean定义的时候,实例化出来的是GenericBeanDefinition,而Spring上下文包括实例化所有Bean用的AbstractBeanDefinition是RootBeanDefinition,这时候就使用getMergedLocalBeanDefinition方法做了一次转化,将非RootBeanDefinition转换为RootBeanDefinition以供后续操作

解释完了getMergedLocalBeanDefinition方法的作用,第1行~第10行的代码就没什么好说的了,根据beanName拿到RootBeanDefinition而已。由于此方法实例化的是所有非懒加载的单例Bean,因此要实例化Bean,必须满足11行的三个定义:

(1)不是抽象的

(2)必须是单例的

(3)必须是非懒加载的

接着简单看一下第12行~第29行的代码,这段代码主要做的是一件事情:首先判断一下Bean是否FactoryBean的实现,接着判断Bean是否SmartFactoryBean的实现,假如Bean是SmartFactoryBean的实现并且eagerInit(这个单词字面意思是渴望加载,找不到一个好的词语去翻译,意思就是定义了这个Bean需要立即加载的意思)的话,会立即实例化这个Bean。Java开发人员不需要关注这段代码,因为SmartFactoryBean基本不会用到,我翻译一下Spring官网对于SmartFactoryBean的定义描述:

  • FactoryBean接口的扩展接口。接口实现并不表示是否总是返回单独的实例对象,比如FactoryBean.isSingleton()实现返回false的情况并不清晰地表示每次返回的都是单独的实例对象
  • 不实现这个扩展接口的简单FactoryBean的实现,FactoryBean.isSingleton()实现返回false总是简单地告诉我们每次返回的都是单独的实例对象,暴露出来的对象只能够通过命令访问
  • 注意:这个接口是一个有特殊用途的接口,主要用于框架内部使用与Spring相关。通常,应用提供的FactoryBean接口实现应当只需要实现简单的FactoryBean接口即可,新方法应当加入到扩展接口中去

 

代码示例

为了后面的代码分析方便,事先我定义一个Bean:

 1 package org.xrq.action;
 2 
 3 import org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanClassLoaderAware;
 4 import org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanNameAware;
 5 import org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean;
 6 
 7 public class MultiFunctionBean implements InitializingBean, BeanNameAware, BeanClassLoaderAware {
 8 
 9     private int    propertyA;
10     
11     private int    propertyB;
12     
13     public int getPropertyA() {
14         return propertyA;
15     }
16 
17     public void setPropertyA(int propertyA) {
18         this.propertyA = propertyA;
19     }
20 
21     public int getPropertyB() {
22         return propertyB;
23     }
24 
25     public void setPropertyB(int propertyB) {
26         this.propertyB = propertyB;
27     }
28     
29     public void initMethod() {
30         System.out.println("Enter MultiFunctionBean.initMethod()");
31     }
32 
33     @Override
34     public void setBeanClassLoader(ClassLoader classLoader) {
35         System.out.println("Enter MultiFunctionBean.setBeanClassLoader(ClassLoader classLoader)");
36     }
37 
38     @Override
39     public void setBeanName(String name) {
40         System.out.println("Enter MultiFunctionBean.setBeanName(String name)");
41     }
42 
43     @Override
44     public void afterPropertiesSet() throws Exception {
45         System.out.println("Enter MultiFunctionBean.afterPropertiesSet()");
46     }
47     
48     @Override
49     public String toString() {
50         return "MultiFunctionBean [propertyA=" + propertyA + ", propertyB=" + propertyB + "]";
51     }
52     
53 }

定义对应的spring.xml:

1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
2 <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
3     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
4     xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
5     http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">
6     
7     <bean id="multiFunctionBean" class="org.xrq.action.MultiFunctionBean" init-method="initMethod" />
8     
9 </beans>

利用这个MultiFunctionBean,我们可以用来探究Spring加载Bean的多种机制。

 

doGetBean方法构造Bean流程

上面把getBean之外的代码都分析了一下,看代码就可以知道,获取Bean对象实例,都是通过getBean方法,getBean方法最终调用的是DefaultListableBeanFactory的父类AbstractBeanFactory类的doGetBean方法,因此这部分重点分析一下doGetBean方法是如何构造出一个单例的Bean的。

看一下doGetBean方法的代码实现,比较长:

复制代码
  1 protected <T> T doGetBean(
  2         final String name, final Class<T> requiredType, final Object[] args, boolean typeCheckOnly)
  3         throws BeansException {
  4 
  5     final String beanName = transformedBeanName(name);
  6     Object bean;
  7 
  8     // Eagerly check singleton cache for manually registered singletons.
  9     Object sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
 10     if (sharedInstance != null && args == null) {
 11         if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
 12             if (isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
 13                 logger.debug("Returning eagerly cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName +
 14                         "' that is not fully initialized yet - a consequence of a circular reference");
 15             }
 16             else {
 17                 logger.debug("Returning cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "'");
 18             }
 19         }
 20         bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, null);
 21     }
 22 
 23     else {
 24         // Fail if we're already creating this bean instance:
 25         // We're assumably within a circular reference.
 26         if (isPrototypeCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
 27             throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName);
 28         }
 29 
 30         // Check if bean definition exists in this factory.
 31         BeanFactory parentBeanFactory = getParentBeanFactory();
 32         if (parentBeanFactory != null && !containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
 33             // Not found -> check parent.
 34             String nameToLookup = originalBeanName(name);
 35             if (args != null) {
 36                 // Delegation to parent with explicit args.
 37                 return (T) parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, args);
 38             }
 39             else {
 40                 // No args -> delegate to standard getBean method.
 41                 return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, requiredType);
 42             }
 43         }
 44 
 45         if (!typeCheckOnly) {
 46             markBeanAsCreated(beanName);
 47         }
 48 
 49         final RootBeanDefinition mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
 50         checkMergedBeanDefinition(mbd, beanName, args);
 51 
 52         // Guarantee initialization of beans that the current bean depends on.
 53         String[] dependsOn = mbd.getDependsOn();
 54         if (dependsOn != null) {
 55             for (String dependsOnBean : dependsOn) {
 56                 getBean(dependsOnBean);
 57                 registerDependentBean(dependsOnBean, beanName);
 58             }
 59         }
 60 
 61         // Create bean instance.
 62         if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
 63             sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName, new ObjectFactory() {
 64                 public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
 65                     try {
 66                         return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
 67                     }
 68                     catch (BeansException ex) {
 69                         // Explicitly remove instance from singleton cache: It might have been put there
 70                         // eagerly by the creation process, to allow for circular reference resolution.
 71                         // Also remove any beans that received a temporary reference to the bean.
 72                         destroySingleton(beanName);
 73                         throw ex;
 74                     }
 75                 }
 76             });
 77             bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
 78         }
 79 
 80         else if (mbd.isPrototype()) {
 81             // It's a prototype -> create a new instance.
 82             Object prototypeInstance = null;
 83             try {
 84                 beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
 85                 prototypeInstance = createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
 86             }
 87             finally {
 88                 afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
 89             }
 90             bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(prototypeInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
 91         }
 92 
 93         else {
 94             String scopeName = mbd.getScope();
 95             final Scope scope = this.scopes.get(scopeName);
 96             if (scope == null) {
 97                 throw new IllegalStateException("No Scope registered for scope '" + scopeName + "'");
 98             }
 99             try {
100                 Object scopedInstance = scope.get(beanName, new ObjectFactory() {
101                     public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
102                             beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
103                         try {
104                             return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
105                         }
106                         finally {
107                             afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
108                         }
109                     }
110                 });
111                 bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(scopedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
112             }
113             catch (IllegalStateException ex) {
114                 throw new BeanCreationException(beanName,
115                         "Scope '" + scopeName + "' is not active for the current thread; " +
116                         "consider defining a scoped proxy for this bean if you intend to refer to it from a singleton",
117                         ex);
118             }
119         }
120     }
121 
122     // Check if required type matches the type of the actual bean instance.
123     if (requiredType != null && bean != null && !requiredType.isAssignableFrom(bean.getClass())) {
124         try {
125             return getTypeConverter().convertIfNecessary(bean, requiredType);
126         }
127         catch (TypeMismatchException ex) {
128             if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
129                 logger.debug("Failed to convert bean '" + name + "' to required type [" +
130                         ClassUtils.getQualifiedName(requiredType) + "]", ex);
131             }
132             throw new BeanNotOfRequiredTypeException(name, requiredType, bean.getClass());
133         }
134     }
135     return (T) bean;
136 }

首先第9行~第21行的代码,第9行的代码就不进去看了,简单说一下:首先检查一下本地的单例缓存是否已经加载过Bean,没有的话再检查earlySingleton缓存是否已经加载过Bean(又是early,不好找到词语翻译),没有的话执行后面的逻辑。

接着第26行~第50行,这里执行的都是一些基本的检查和简单的操作,包括bean是否是prototype的(prototype的Bean当前创建会抛出异常)、是否抽象的、将beanName加入alreadyCreated这个Set中等。

接着第53行~第59行,我们经常在bean标签中看到depends-on这个属性,就是通过这段保证了depends-on依赖的Bean会优先于当前Bean被加载

接着第62行~第78行、第80行~第91行、第93行~第120行有三个判断,显然上面的MultiFunctionBean是一个单例的Bean也是本文探究的重点,因此执行第62行~第78行的逻辑。getSingleton方法不贴了,有一些前置的判断,很简单的逻辑,重点就是调用了ObjectFactory的getObject()方法来获取到单例Bean对象,方法的实现是调用了createBean方法,createBean方法是AbstractBeanFactory的子类AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory的一个方法,看一下它的方法实现:

 1 protected Object createBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd, final Object[] args)
 2         throws BeanCreationException {
 3 
 4     if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
 5         logger.debug("Creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
 6     }
 7     // Make sure bean class is actually resolved at this point.
 8     resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);
 9 
10     // Prepare method overrides.
11     try {
12         mbd.prepareMethodOverrides();
13     }
14     catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
15         throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(mbd.getResourceDescription(),
16                 beanName, "Validation of method overrides failed", ex);
17     }
18 
19     try {
20         // Give BeanPostProcessors a chance to return a proxy instead of the target bean instance.
21         Object bean = resolveBeforeInstantiation(beanName, mbd);
22         if (bean != null) {
23             return bean;
24         }
25     }
26     catch (Throwable ex) {
27         throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
28                 "BeanPostProcessor before instantiation of bean failed", ex);
29     }
30 
31     Object beanInstance = doCreateBean(beanName, mbd, args);
32     if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
33         logger.debug("Finished creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
34     }
35     return beanInstance;
36 }
复制代码

前面的代码都没什么意义,代码执行到第31行:

 1 protected Object doCreateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd, final Object[] args) {
 2     // Instantiate the bean.
 3     BeanWrapper instanceWrapper = null;
 4     if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
 5         instanceWrapper = this.factoryBeanInstanceCache.remove(beanName);
 6     }
 7     if (instanceWrapper == null) {
 8         instanceWrapper = createBeanInstance(beanName, mbd, args);
 9     }
10     final Object bean = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedInstance() : null);
11     Class beanType = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedClass() : null);
12 
13     // Allow post-processors to modify the merged bean definition.
14     synchronized (mbd.postProcessingLock) {
15         if (!mbd.postProcessed) {
16             applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(mbd, beanType, beanName);
17             mbd.postProcessed = true;
18         }
19     }
20 
21     // Eagerly cache singletons to be able to resolve circular references
22     // even when triggered by lifecycle interfaces like BeanFactoryAware.
23     boolean earlySingletonExposure = (mbd.isSingleton() && this.allowCircularReferences &&
24             isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName));
25     if (earlySingletonExposure) {
26         if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
27             logger.debug("Eagerly caching bean '" + beanName +
28                     "' to allow for resolving potential circular references");
29         }
30         addSingletonFactory(beanName, new ObjectFactory() {
31             public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
32                 return getEarlyBeanReference(beanName, mbd, bean);
33             }
34         });
35     }
36 
37     // Initialize the bean instance.
38     Object exposedObject = bean;
39     try {
40         populateBean(beanName, mbd, instanceWrapper);
41         if (exposedObject != null) {
42             exposedObject = initializeBean(beanName, exposedObject, mbd);
43         }
44     }
45     catch (Throwable ex) {
46         if (ex instanceof BeanCreationException && beanName.equals(((BeanCreationException) ex).getBeanName())) {
47             throw (BeanCreationException) ex;
48         }
49         else {
50             throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Initialization of bean failed", ex);
51         }
52     }
53 
54     if (earlySingletonExposure) {
55         Object earlySingletonReference = getSingleton(beanName, false);
56         if (earlySingletonReference != null) {
57             if (exposedObject == bean) {
58                 exposedObject = earlySingletonReference;
59             }
60             else if (!this.allowRawInjectionDespiteWrapping && hasDependentBean(beanName)) {
61                 String[] dependentBeans = getDependentBeans(beanName);
62                 Set<String> actualDependentBeans = new LinkedHashSet<String>(dependentBeans.length);
63                 for (String dependentBean : dependentBeans) {
64                     if (!removeSingletonIfCreatedForTypeCheckOnly(dependentBean)) {
65                         actualDependentBeans.add(dependentBean);
66                     }
67                 }
68                 if (!actualDependentBeans.isEmpty()) {
69                     throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName,
70                             "Bean with name '" + beanName + "' has been injected into other beans [" +
71                                 StringUtils.collectionToCommaDelimitedString(actualDependentBeans) +
72                             "] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been " +
73                             "wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the " +
74                             "bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using " +
75                             "'getBeanNamesOfType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.");
76                 }
77             }
78         }
79     }
80 
81     // Register bean as disposable.
82     try {
83         registerDisposableBeanIfNecessary(beanName, bean, mbd);
84     }
85     catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
86         throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Invalid destruction signature", ex);
87     }
88 
89     return exposedObject;
90 }

代码跟踪到这里,已经到了主流程,接下来分段分析doCreateBean方法的代码。

 

创建Bean实例

第8行的createBeanInstance方法,会创建出Bean的实例,并包装为BeanWrapper,看一下createBeanInstance方法,只贴最后一段比较关键的:

 1 // Need to determine the constructor...
 2 Constructor[] ctors = determineConstructorsFromBeanPostProcessors(beanClass, beanName);
 3 if (ctors != null ||
 4         mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_CONSTRUCTOR ||
 5         mbd.hasConstructorArgumentValues() || !ObjectUtils.isEmpty(args))  {
 6     return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, ctors, args);
 7 }
 8 
 9 // No special handling: simply use no-arg constructor.
10 return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);

意思是bean标签使用构造函数注入属性的话,执行第6行,否则执行第10行。MultiFunctionBean使用默认构造函数,使用setter注入属性,因此执行第10行代码:

 1 protected BeanWrapper instantiateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd) {
 2     try {
 3         Object beanInstance;
 4         final BeanFactory parent = this;
 5         if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
 6             beanInstance = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Object>() {
 7                 public Object run() {
 8                     return getInstantiationStrategy().instantiate(mbd, beanName, parent);
 9                 }
10             }, getAccessControlContext());
11         }
12         else {
13             beanInstance = getInstantiationStrategy().instantiate(mbd, beanName, parent);
14         }
15         BeanWrapper bw = new BeanWrapperImpl(beanInstance);
16         initBeanWrapper(bw);
17         return bw;
18     }
19     catch (Throwable ex) {
20         throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Instantiation of bean failed", ex);
21     }
22 }

代码执行到13行:

 1 public Object instantiate(RootBeanDefinition beanDefinition, String beanName, BeanFactory owner) {
 2     // Don't override the class with CGLIB if no overrides.
 3     if (beanDefinition.getMethodOverrides().isEmpty()) {
 4         Constructor<?> constructorToUse;
 5         synchronized (beanDefinition.constructorArgumentLock) {
 6             constructorToUse = (Constructor<?>) beanDefinition.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod;
 7             if (constructorToUse == null) {
 8                 final Class clazz = beanDefinition.getBeanClass();
 9                 if (clazz.isInterface()) {
10                     throw new BeanInstantiationException(clazz, "Specified class is an interface");
11                 }
12                 try {
13                     if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
14                         constructorToUse = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedExceptionAction<Constructor>() {
15                             public Constructor run() throws Exception {
16                                 return clazz.getDeclaredConstructor((Class[]) null);
17                             }
18                         });
19                     }
20                     else {
21                         constructorToUse = clazz.getDeclaredConstructor((Class[]) null);
22                     }
23                     beanDefinition.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod = constructorToUse;
24                 }
25                 catch (Exception ex) {
26                     throw new BeanInstantiationException(clazz, "No default constructor found", ex);
27                 }
28             }
29         }
30         return BeanUtils.instantiateClass(constructorToUse);
31     }
32     else {
33         // Must generate CGLIB subclass.
34         return instantiateWithMethodInjection(beanDefinition, beanName, owner);
35     }
36 }

整段代码都在做一件事情,就是选择一个使用的构造函数。当然第9行顺带做了一个判断:实例化一个接口将报错。

最后调用到30行,看一下代码:

 1 public static <T> T instantiateClass(Constructor<T> ctor, Object... args) throws BeanInstantiationException {
 2     Assert.notNull(ctor, "Constructor must not be null");
 3     try {
 4         ReflectionUtils.makeAccessible(ctor);
 5         return ctor.newInstance(args);
 6     }
 7     catch (InstantiationException ex) {
 8         throw new BeanInstantiationException(ctor.getDeclaringClass(),
 9                 "Is it an abstract class?", ex);
10     }
11     catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
12         throw new BeanInstantiationException(ctor.getDeclaringClass(),
13                 "Is the constructor accessible?", ex);
14     }
15     catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
16         throw new BeanInstantiationException(ctor.getDeclaringClass(),
17                 "Illegal arguments for constructor", ex);
18     }
19     catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
20         throw new BeanInstantiationException(ctor.getDeclaringClass(),
21                 "Constructor threw exception", ex.getTargetException());
22     }
23 }
复制代码

通过反射生成Bean的实例。看到前面有一步makeAccessible,这意味着即使Bean的构造函数是private、protected的,依然不影响Bean的构造

最后注意一下,这里被实例化出来的Bean并不会直接返回,而是会被包装为BeanWrapper继续在后面使用。

 

==================================================================================

我不能保证写的每个地方都是对的,但是至少能保证不复制、不黏贴,保证每一句话、每一行代码都经过了认真的推敲、仔细的斟酌。每一篇文章的背后,希望都能看到自己对于技术、对于生活的态度。

我相信乔布斯说的,只有那些疯狂到认为自己可以改变世界的人才能真正地改变世界。面对压力,我可以挑灯夜战、不眠不休;面对困难,我愿意迎难而上、永不退缩。

其实我想说的是,我只是一个程序员,这就是我现在纯粹人生的全部。

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原文:http://www.cnblogs.com/xrq730/p/6361578.html

 



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